History and geography of Pakistan

History and geography of Pakistan

Apart from India, it also has borders with Iran, Afghanistan and China. To the south-west of the country is the Arabian Sea. Pakistan is the second most populous country in the Muslim bloc and is sometimes called the Islamic Kingdom.


Pakistan appeared on the world map on August 14, 1947, after the struggle of Muslims in South Asia to escape the rule of the British Empire. Pakistan has a flourishing Indian civilization 5 thousand years ago. Before independence, Pakistan was part of the British Indian subcontinent.

After World War II, Britain returned independence to the subcontinent and divided the subcontinent into two countries, India and Pakistan, based on religion: Islam in West Pakistan and East Pakistan – further apart 1900 km – and Hinduism (Hindu) in India. In 1971, East Pakistan split up to form the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Since then the territory of Pakistan is only in the west.
Pakistan is located in the South Asia region, the east is bordered by India, the north-west is bordered by Afghanistan, the southwest is bordered by Iran, the south is the Arabian Sea, the northeast is China

With an area of ​​796,095 km², Pakistan has 6 main areas: the northern highlands, the western lowlands, the Balochisan plateau, the Potohar region, the Punjab region and the Sindh plain. The northern high mountain region gathers 35 gigantic mountains with a height of over 7325 m, which is the second highest mountain in the world, Godwin Austin (K2). Besides there are many glaciers, large lakes and lush green steppes, this is also the attractive tourist destination of Pakistan.


Pakistan is located in the monsoon area, except for the southern flank of the Himalayas because the lower mountain range often has heavy rain. Pakistan has 4 seasons: cold season from December to March, temperatures from 4 ° C to –18 ° C, low humidity; hot season from April to June, dry climate; The rainy season is from July to September, and after the rainy season is from October to November.

China urges Canada to stop diplomatic microphone

China urges Canada to stop diplomatic microphone

The Chinese Foreign Ministry criticized Canada and its allies such as US, UK and EU when talking about human rights in the case of two Canadian citizens was arrested.

“I wonder how they relate to this case. Where is their voice when the senior manager of a Chinese company is illegally arrested by the Canadian request,” The Chinese Foreign Ministry said. “It is quite clear that other human rights they are talking about have different standards when applied to citizens of different countries.”

At the regular press conference of the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Chinese spokesman said that recent China-Canada relations are not Chinese faults.

She said China urges Canada to stop “micro diplomacy” activities and should take substantive actions.

At the press conference, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman said that the country has repeatedly expressed its clear stance on the arrest of two Canadian citizens because they are related to activities that harms China’s national security.
the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs said that a series of collisions between China and Canada recently will make the relationship between the two countries affected, but this is not the fault of the Chinese side.

She continued: “China hopes leaders of Canada if they truly have responsibility for its citizens as well as China-Canada relations, so stop micro-diplomatic activities, review the middle part. at what point the two countries are at the same time applying real actions, along with the Chinese side to find a satisfactory solution. ”

Earlier, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau repeatedly criticized China for arresting Canadian citizens in an “arbitrary and unfair” way. On January 14, Trudeau continued to criticize China for using arbitrary death sentences after convicting a Canadian citizen for drug trafficking.

In the latest development revolving around tensions between China and Canada, recently Regis Labeaume – Mayor of Quebec City, Canada, canceled his visit to China in March.

Things that shouldn’t do when you are in Pakistan

Things that shouldn’t do when you are in Pakistan

1. Do not expect to understand Pakistan English

Some Pakistani people can speak fluent English … with local accent. People learn English primarily from grammar books so they may wonder what English you are speaking.

Learn some simple Urdu words

Only about 10% of the population speaks Urdu but this language is used a lot in the trading. Therefore, you should learn some simple sentences to be able to pay for the product that you buy.

2. Do not go during the day in Ramadan month.

Long walks in the month may be a torture. Most people do not eat, drink or smoke at public places including on buses, trains and planes. Even if you are a tourist, these actions are still considered as rude.

Let’s go out at night

If your trip is longer than you can tolerant not to go to the toilet and drink some water, go from sunset to dawn. Tourists can eat when the sun goes down. Bring some snacks to share with everyone.

3. Do not eat fully the first time the food is brought out

When you visit a Pakistani home, you will be invited for a variety of fried foods, meat, sweets and cakes. But that was not the main meal, even dozens of dishes were served. Until bread or rice is eaten, other dishes are just appetizers.

Save your stomach for the following items

Fill your stomach with the main dish and dessert. This is especially important during the Ramada month when local people offer you iftar parties – a special meal after sunset and before dinner.

5. Do not visit famous tourist sites in the city on Sunday

Important monuments and temples are always filled with locals people on Sunday afternoons. Entrance tickets are usually quite cheap, so families often visit the park on holiday.

Go in the morning on weekdays

Between 10am and 11am is the best time to visit because beggars and vendors will focus on these locations in the afternoon. But if you go earlier at 10.00, the tourist sites may not be open yet.

How is the Shopping Culture in Pakistan?

How is the Shopping Culture in Pakistan

How is the Shopping Culture in Pakistan

The shopping experience in Pakistan is not as vibrant as that of neighboring countries such as China, India, Nepal etc. However, it has many shopping destinations that are very popular among locals and also offers a decent experience to people who visit from foreign countries. The shopping culture of this nation is varied.


There are craft centers in all the major towns of Pakistan, where one can find handicrafts from various areas being sold. Hand-embroidered shawls, carpets and rugs, camel-skin lamps, pottery, woodwork, carved wooden tables, onyx ware, trays, brassware, cashmere shawls, silk shawls etc are some of the most popular handicrafts being sold here.


It is possible to find many jewelry items in almost every big city or town of this country, including gold ornaments, silver trinkets and glass bangles. Keep in mind that there are quite a few restrictions about the items that foreigners can get out of the country. People who intend to fly out with an antique item should better consult a museum curator. Those flying with valuable furniture items of any description will be asked to furnish receipts at the airport. Jewelry items should have to be worth lower than 500 USD if purchased in Pakistan. However, receipts have to be kept. At the airport, most foreigners have to undergo baggage inspection during departure.

Women’s wear

The Meena Bazaar in Karachi and Peshawar are the ladies only markets in Pakistan, and consists of a maze of shops that sell primarily women’s wear. Customers have to bargain for goods. Peshawar is the Old City in Pakistan, and has some of the biggest markets in the nation. It specializes in the sales of chadors or light woolen blankets, leather chappals or leather slippers / shoes, topis or woolen hats, rugs and more. One can also find slippers having upturned toes.


Shoppers who like to gorge on mouthwatering delicacies in the midst of shopping activities can try the Anarkali Bazar, which is there in Lahore. It is supposed to the most ancient marketplace in South Asia. There are air-conditioned shopping malls in Lahore as well as in Karachi, such as Dolmen Mall, Park Towers and The Forum, where there are food courts existing side by side with shops. These are great places where locals and tourists like to beat the high temperatures, and enjoy a wide variety of international dishes. The Gawalmandi Food Street in Lahore is where food-lovers flock to, to explore the opportunity of gorging on mouthwatering local food.

What is the Social Culture of Pakistan?

What is the Social Culture of Pakistan

What is the Social Culture of PakistanThe Pakistani culture is known as Gilani, and is poles apart from the western culture of countries such as the US and the UK. It is often that the culture of Pakistan is known as the eastern culture. The social culture of the country has many important characteristics, which resonate with that of many of other Islamic countries in the world.

Strong religious influences

This is an Islamic state, and religion naturally plays an important role in its culture. The public holidays in Pakistan include religious occasions like the 9th & 10th of Muharram, Eid-ul-Adha and Eid-ul-Fitr. One of the biggest holidays here is the Eid ul Fitr, a joyous holiday that marks the end of the austere month of Ramadan. It is during this time that Pakistani people help the needy and poor with aids known as the “Zakat”. In fact, Ramadan and Eid are the two occasions bringing the entire nation together.

Patriarchal culture

Men are typically the earning members in the family, and hold a stronger position. Their decisions are most important, and usually the final ones. With more women being educated here, the country has seen women taking stronger roles in decision making in other aspects. They are standing up in more numbers to be counted. However, women are still relegated mostly to the background, except in liberal and rare families. The men-folk hold a more dominant position in the society of Pakistan.

Lack of respect for artistic professions

It is well known that professions other than engineers and doctors are frowned upon. Other professions, such as those of authors, poets, musicians and artists, are not at all encouraged. Family members generally consider it a disgrace here for sons and daughters to enter the artistic professions. This has possibly a lot to do with the Islamic way of thinking, which holds all types of entertainment at very low esteem.

Families staying together

Traditionally, families stay together in Pakistani culture. Even extended family members comprising of uncles, aunts, cousins and grandparents typically stay under the same roof. The inclusion is often because of financial issues, and one person has to bear a lot of pressure in financially supporting his extended family.

Dislike for public display of affection

Religious dominance in the Pakistani culture indicates why it is not tolerant to public display of affection, unlike in the West. There is hardly a sight of young men and women kissing, hugging or even holding hands in public.