History and geography of Pakistan

History and geography of Pakistan

Apart from India, it also has borders with Iran, Afghanistan and China. To the south-west of the country is the Arabian Sea. Pakistan is the second most populous country in the Muslim bloc and is sometimes called the Islamic Kingdom.


Pakistan appeared on the world map on August 14, 1947, after the struggle of Muslims in South Asia to escape the rule of the British Empire. Pakistan has a flourishing Indian civilization 5 thousand years ago. Before independence, Pakistan was part of the British Indian subcontinent.

After World War II, Britain returned independence to the subcontinent and divided the subcontinent into two countries, India and Pakistan, based on religion: Islam in West Pakistan and East Pakistan – further apart 1900 km – and Hinduism (Hindu) in India. In 1971, East Pakistan split up to form the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Since then the territory of Pakistan is only in the west.
Pakistan is located in the South Asia region, the east is bordered by India, the north-west is bordered by Afghanistan, the southwest is bordered by Iran, the south is the Arabian Sea, the northeast is China

With an area of ​​796,095 km², Pakistan has 6 main areas: the northern highlands, the western lowlands, the Balochisan plateau, the Potohar region, the Punjab region and the Sindh plain. The northern high mountain region gathers 35 gigantic mountains with a height of over 7325 m, which is the second highest mountain in the world, Godwin Austin (K2). Besides there are many glaciers, large lakes and lush green steppes, this is also the attractive tourist destination of Pakistan.


Pakistan is located in the monsoon area, except for the southern flank of the Himalayas because the lower mountain range often has heavy rain. Pakistan has 4 seasons: cold season from December to March, temperatures from 4 ° C to –18 ° C, low humidity; hot season from April to June, dry climate; The rainy season is from July to September, and after the rainy season is from October to November.

Pictures of Pakistan will make you change your mind about this country

Pictures of Pakistan will make you change your mind about this country

Shandur Pass

Also known as Mount Shandur, it is home to a lush green plateau and very high as an oasis among mountain peaks with extreme natural conditions. This is also the place with the highest playing field for polo (bridge code) in the world. In July every year, teams from Gilgit and Chitral counties cross the plateau to come here to host matches.

Lake Shangrila

Only those who want to go to Lake Shangrila can find it. Journey to the lake takes 7 hours trekking through the highway Karakoram to Skardu village. This is the freshest mountain lake in Pakistan. There is also a Shangrila resort on the edge of the lake, a temple surrounded by green and peaceful trees.

Clifton Beach, Karachi

Many people did not expect that Pakistan also had beaches. Not only that, it is also considered the best beach in the region and typically Clifton – the “deserted” place that allows you to walk, ride a camel and see the scenery with delight .


The Shiyok River crosses the mountains of Ghanche, located right on the border with southwestern China. There are small villages located along the river with friendly and hospitable residential communities. The regional capital is Khaplu city, where the palace is 400 years old and is now converted into Fort Serena hotel.

National Monument, Islamabad

Pakistan has a lot of ancient buildings and among them the most prominent is the national monument with a beautiful modern design located on the Shakarparian hill in Islamabab city. Open for sightseeing since 2007, people can see the work from anywhere in the city with a four-petal symbol of flowers for four major provinces of Pakistan. When viewed from above, the monument is like the star on the flag. Inside, visitors can find a museum and a large hall.

This city located on the Sutlej River is a place with many impressive architectural works such as Noor Mehal Palace, Abbasi cathedral. The rest of the city is steeped in gardens, wild landscapes like the desert of Bahawalpur turn into the best place in Pakistan to explore.

How is the ZWQ of Pakistan – Its 4 Seasons Explained

How is the Climate of Pakistan – Its 4 Seasons Explained

The land of Pakistan is typically dry and hot all through the year, other than brief rain spells during the monsoons and a small amount of rain during the extremely short winter season. The climate of Pakistan can be classified into 4 distinct seasons:

Winter Season (December to Mid-march)

This is the most favorable season in the country’s plains, where the daytime is slightly cold and the temperature hovers around 70 ° F or 21 ° C all through the country. However, nights are a little colder. The maximum temperature on the hill stations is about 10 ° C, and it also snows here. This is typically a dry season, and the weather is cool, pleasant and sunny other than a small amount of run that results from western disturbance.

Pre-Monsoon Season (Mid March to June)

The plains of Pakistan get sufficiently hot by mid-March, with the temperature being about 32.2 ° C. The rains of the wintertime diminish gradually by this time, and the air gets extremely dry. There is a significant rise in temperature, and it is usually over 38 ° C. By the first week of the month of May, you can expect as high temperature here as 43 ° C. The sun tends to shine very brightly, and the dry and hot wind known as Loo blows here during most periods. At times, the temperature can be reduced to about 35 ° C by an isolated thunderstorm. There can be some relief, but one can expect drying up all vegetation.

Monsoon Season (July to Mid-September)

During this time, winds laden with moisture bring dark, low rain-bearing clouds. Monsoon usually arrives at Pakistan by the 7th of July, and stays active until the middle of September through July and August. The arrival of monsoon considerably reduces the temperature. Although monsoon helps reduce the temperature a lot, the relative humidity is very high and causes great discomfort to the people here.

Post Monsoon Season (Mid-September to November)

It comes after the monsoon season, and includes half of September, October and November. This is indeed a very dry season, and the driest season in Pakistan. There is very low precipitation with no monsoon clouds passing over the country and no sign of any western disturbances unlike in winter season. At times, the entire season experiences no rainfall. The climate is dry and when skies clear, Pakistan generally witnesses warm days.